Mwaluganje Elephants conservation project was started in the early 1990s to address the persistent problem of human elephants conflict that rose in the migratory route of the marauding Elephants that were migrating from Tsavo east to Shimba hills game reserve.
As a result of severe drought in Tsavo and escape from pouching most of the elephants sought to settle in the mwaluganje area
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Mwaluganje Elephants conservation project was started in the early 1990s to address the persistent problem of Human Elephants Conflict that rose in the migratory route of the Elephants that were migrating from Tsavo West to Shimba hills game reserve.
As a result of severe drought in Tsavo and escape from pouching most of the elephants sought to settle in the Mwaluganje area which posed a great threat to both humans and the Elephants. In order to conserve the elephants and protect human life that was threatened by the conflicts the local community members with the help of Kenya wildlife service (KWS) agreed to lease their agricultural land for the elephants.
About 300 members of the community today no longer depend on agriculture but rather depend on the dividends at the end of each year collected from the revenue generated by the Elephant’s sanctuary as gate entrance fees and other eco-tourism activities.
Mwaluganje elephant sanctuary is about 1 hour drive from Mombasa city set behind the Kwale escarpments and approximately 20 minutes drive from Kwale town on a dirt road, the sanctuary is joined to Shimba hills game reserve by a small corridor.
Some of the community members who gave up their land were employed as scouts in the sanctuary and apart from collection of entry fees at the gate some of the activities that take place in the sanctuary include:
Other activities may include:
Visit to the nearby Shimba hills game reserve for educational tours and collecting litters in the reserve
Taking care of tree nurseries and watering seedlings at the KFS tree nursery in Kwale town
Weekend beach tours and conducting swimming lessons to children
The project has been receiving volunteers and interns who stay within the community for different periods of time on different conservation related interests or just for purposes of giving a helping hand to the activities of the project while experiencing the rich cultures of the community.
Some of the duties that volunteers are involved in include but not limited to:
Volunteers in this project will be accommodated in selected families for the period of their stay in order to learn and experience cultures in a natural way and feel as part of the community.
Mwaluganje elephant’s sanctuary is on the leeward side of the Kwale escarpments and during the dry season the area becomes hot and vegetation dries up while on the other hand during the rainy season the area becomes green with dense vegetation.
The adjacent Mwachinga community that borders the sanctuary is sparsely populated and is inhabited by the Digo community who are friendly and stores with them some rich cultures